The NDA (National Defence Academy) exam is conducted twice a year by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to recruit candidates for the Army, Air Force, and Navy as cadets or officer trainees. The exam consists of a written test and an interview process. Here are some key details about the NDA exam in 2023:

  1. Exam Frequency: The NDA exam is conducted twice a year.
  2. Exam Category: The exam is open to candidates who have passed the 12th standard.
  3. Selection Process: The selection process includes a written test and an SSB (Services Selection Board) Interview.
  4. Number of Applicants: Approximately 5-6 lakhs of candidates apply for the NDA exam.
  5. Exam Centers: The exam is conducted in 41 test cities across India.

UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Important dates


  • Notification: Released on 21 December 2022.
  • Application Dates: From 21 December 2022 to 10 January 2023.
  • Admit Card Release: 24 March 2023.
  • Exam Date: 16 April 2023.
  • Result Declaration: 1 May 2023.


  • Notification: Released on 17 May 2023.
  • Application Dates: From 17 May 2023 to 06 June 2023.
  • Exam Date: 03 September 2023.
  • Result Declaration: To be notified.

UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Eligibility Criteria


Eligibility Criteria Requirement
Age Limit Candidates must be born between 2 January 2005 and 1 January 2008
The age limit is 16.5 to 19.5 years
Educational Qualification Candidates must have passed the 12th class of the 10+2 school
education pattern or its equivalent examination

Please note that this information is based on the knowledge available up until September 2021. It’s always a good idea to verify the eligibility criteria from the official sources or the latest notification released by the conducting authority.


UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Vacancy Details

Armed Forces Vacancies
Indian Army 208
Indian Navy 42
Indian Airforce
– Flying 92
– Ground Duties (Tech) 18
– Ground Duties (Non-Tech) 10
Naval Academy (10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme) 25
Total 395

Note: The number of vacancies mentioned above includes vacancies for both male and female candidates.

NDA Previous Year Vacancy:

Year NDA 1 NDA 2
2022 400 400
2021 400 413
2020 418 413
2019 415 415
2018 415 383
2017 390 390

UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Exam Pattern

The NDA 2023 exam pattern consists of three papers: Mathematics, General Ability Test, and SSB Interview. Here are the details of the paper pattern:

Code Exam Name Duration No. of Questions Maximum Marks
01 Mathematics 2 ½ hours 120 300
02 General Ability Test 2 ½ hours 50 200
SSB Interview 50 900
Total 100 1400

Note: The SSB Interview carries a weightage of 900 marks.

UPSC NDA Exam 2023: Syllabus


  • Algebra, Matrices & Determinants
  • Trigonometry
  • 2D and 3D Geometry
  • Differential Calculus
  • Integral Calculus
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics & Probability
  • Venn diagram
  • Complex numbers
  • Height and Distance
  • Parabola, Ellipse, and Hyperbola, etc.


  • Spotting of errors
  • Grammar & usage
  • Para Jumbling
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Vocabulary
  • Cloze Test
  • Idioms & Proverbs
  • Sentence Correction & Improvement, etc.

General Awareness/Knowledge:

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • General Science
  • History Freedom Movement
  • Geography
  • Current Events, etc.

Note: The General Knowledge paper will have questions on physics, chemistry, science, history, geography, and current events, which will carry weightage as mentioned: approximately 25%, 15%, 10%, 20%, 20%, and 10% respectively.

  • UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Selection Process

    The selection process for NDA 2023 consists of several stages, including a written exam, SSB Interview, medical examination, and the preparation of a final merit list. Here are the details of each stage:

    Stage 1: Pen & Paper Test (Written Exam)

    The written exam is the first stage of the selection process. It is conducted in an offline mode and consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Candidates must perform well in this exam to proceed to the next stage. The minimum qualifying marks are determined by the conducting authority.

    Stage 2: SSB Interview

    The SSB (Services Selection Board) Interview is the second stage of the selection process. It evaluates the candidate’s intelligence, personality, and potential for being an officer in the Indian Armed Forces. The SSB Interview is conducted in two stages:

    1. Stage 1: In this stage, candidates undergo tests such as Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR), Picture Perception & Description Test (PP & DT), and Group Discussion (GD). Candidates who qualify in Stage 1 proceed to Stage 2.
    2. Stage 2: This stage includes a series of tests, including Psychological Tests, Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO Tasks), and an Interview. These tests assess the candidate’s suitability for a career as an officer. The SSB Interview is conducted by the respective Service Selection Boards (Army, Navy, or Air Force).

    Stage 3: Medical Examination

    Candidates who clear the SSB Interview are required to undergo a comprehensive medical examination. This stage aims to ensure that candidates meet the medical standards necessary to serve in the Indian Armed Forces. Only medically fit candidates are eligible for further consideration.

    Stage 4: Final Merit List

    The final merit list is prepared based on the candidate’s performance in the written exam and SSB Interview, as well as their medical fitness. The final allocation of candidates to the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Naval Academy is based on the availability of vacancies, fulfillment of eligibility criteria, medical fitness, and merit-cum-preferences.


UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Salary

One of the significant aspects that candidates consider when joining the NDA is the salary structure. Here are the details of the NDA 2023 salary for officers at various ranks, including the applicable allowances and benefits:

Rank: Lieutenant Level: 10 Grade Pay: ₹56,100 – ₹1,77,500

Rank: Captain Level: 10 B Grade Pay: ₹61,300 – ₹1,93,900

Rank: Major Level: 11 Grade Pay: ₹69,400 – ₹2,07,200

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel Level: 12A Grade Pay: ₹1,21,200 – ₹2,12,400

Rank: Colonel Level: 13 Grade Pay: ₹1,30,600 – ₹2,15,900

Rank: Brigadier Level: 13A Grade Pay: ₹1,39,600 – ₹2,17,600

Rank: Major General Level: 14 Grade Pay: ₹1,44,200 – ₹2,18,200

Rank: Lieutenant General HAG Scale Level: 15 Grade Pay: ₹1,82,200 – ₹2,24,100

Rank: HAG+ Scale Level: 16 Grade Pay: ₹2,05,400 – ₹2,24,400

Rank: VCOAS/Army Cdr/ Lieutenant General (NFSG) Level: 17 Salary: ₹2,25,000/- (fixed)

Rank: COAS Level: 18 Salary: ₹2,50,000/- (fixed)

Note: The salary figures mentioned above are approximate and subject to revision as per government regulations.

Additional Allowances and Benefits:

  1. Military Service Pay (MSP): Officers in the rank of Lieutenant to Brigadier are entitled to a fixed Military Service Pay of ₹15,500 per month.
  2. Flying Allowance: Army Aviators (Pilots) serving in the Army Aviation Corps receive a flying allowance of ₹25,000 per month.

UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Apply Online

Applying for the UPSC NDA exam 2023 is a crucial step for candidates interested in joining the National Defense Academy. The application process is conducted online through the official website of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Here is a step-by-step guide to successfully apply for the NDA 2023 exam:

Step 1: Visit the official website of UPSC

Candidates should visit the official website of UPSC ( to access the NDA 2023 application form.

Step 2: Read the instructions

Carefully read all the instructions and guidelines provided in the NDA 2023 notification before proceeding with the application process. It is essential to understand the eligibility criteria, documents required, and other important details.

Step 3: Registration

Click on the “Apply Online” link and select the NDA 2 exam 2023. Fill out the registration form with accurate personal and contact details, such as name, date of birth, email address, and mobile number.

Step 4: Upload Photograph and Signature

Upload scanned copies of your recent passport-sized photograph and signature as per the specifications mentioned in the application form. Ensure that the uploaded images are clear and meet the prescribed guidelines.

Step 5: Fee Payment

Submit the application fee, if applicable, as per the instructions provided in the notification. The payment can be made through online modes such as debit card, credit card, or net banking. Candidates belonging to certain categories may be exempted from paying the application fee.

Step 6: Review and Submit

Before final submission, review all the entered details to ensure accuracy and completeness. Make any necessary corrections or modifications if required. Once satisfied with the information provided, submit the application form.

Note: It is advisable to keep a copy of the submitted application form and payment receipt for future reference.

By following these steps, candidates can successfully complete the NDA 2023 application process. It is important to stay updated with the official notifications and guidelines provided by UPSC for any changes or additional instructions related to the application process.

UPSC NDA EXAM Previous Year Question Paper


Practicing with NDA previous year question papers is an effective way to prepare for the NDA 2023 exam. By solving these papers, candidates can familiarize themselves with the exam pattern, understand the difficulty level of questions, and enhance their time management skills. Here are the direct links to download previous year question papers and answer keys for the NDA exam:

Year Subject NDA Previous Year Question Paper NDA Question Paper in Hindi Answer Key NDA 1 & 2 2020 Mathematics Download PDF Download PDF Check Here GAT Download PDF Download PDF Check Here

NDA 2 2019 Mathematics Download PDF Download PDF Check Here GAT Download PDF Download PDF Check Here

NDA 1 2019 Mathematics Download PDF Download PDF Check Here GAT Download PDF Download PDF

NDA 2023 Preparation Tips

To crack the NDA 2023 exam, candidates need to prepare thoroughly. Here are some preparation tips recommended by toppers and experts:

  1. Understand the Exam Pattern and Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the complete exam pattern and syllabus of the NDA exam. This will help you identify the important topics and allocate time accordingly.
  2. Create a Study Plan: Develop an effective study plan that covers all subjects and allows for consistent and structured preparation. Divide your time wisely among different topics and subjects.
  3. Solve Previous Year Question Papers: Practice solving previous year question papers to get a better understanding of the exam pattern, difficulty level, and the types of questions asked. This will also help you identify your strengths and weaknesses.
  4. Take Mock Tests: Attempt mock tests regularly to simulate the exam environment and assess your performance. Analyze your results and focus on improving in areas where you are weaker.
  5. Seek Clarification: If you come across any doubts or difficulties while preparing, don’t hesitate to seek clarification from teachers, mentors, or online forums. Clearing your doubts will ensure a stronger foundation in the subjects.
  6. Time Management: Develop effective time management skills by practicing solving questions within the given time limits. This will help you allocate time appropriately during the actual exam.
  7. Learn Shortcuts and Tricks: Familiarize yourself with simple tricks and shortcuts to solve numerical problems more efficiently. These techniques can save valuable time during the exam.
  8. Stay Updated: Stay updated with current affairs and general knowledge topics. Read newspapers, magazines, and reliable online sources regularly to stay informed about the latest events and developments.

By following these preparation tips, candidates can improve their chances of success in the NDA 2023 exam. Remember to stay focused, maintain a positive attitude, and give your best effort during the preparation phase.

UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Admit Card

The UPSC NDA EXAM 2023 Admit Card is an essential document that candidates must download from the official website of UPSC. Without the admit card, candidates will not be allowed to appear for the examination. Here are the steps to download the NDA 2023 Admit Card:

How to Download UPSC NDA EXAM Admit Card 2023?

  1. Visit the official website of UPSC.
  2. Look for the link related to the NDA 2023 Admit Card.
  3. Click on the admit card link.
  4. Enter the required credentials, such as registration number and password.
  5. Verify the entered details and click on the submit button.
  6. The NDA 2023 Admit Card will be displayed on the screen.
  7. Download the admit card and save it on your device.
  8. It is advisable to take at least two printouts of the admit card for future reference.

Note: Candidates must check the details mentioned on the admit card, including their name, photograph, examination center, date, and time. In case of any discrepancy, candidates should contact the examination authorities immediately for rectification.

Importance of NDA EXAM 2023 Admit Card:

  • The admit card serves as an entry ticket to the examination hall.
  • It contains essential details about the candidate and the examination, such as roll number, exam center, and reporting time.
  • Candidates must carry a printed copy of the admit card to the examination center, along with a valid photo ID proof.
  • It is recommended to keep the admit card in good condition until the completion of the examination process.

Candidates should regularly check the official website for any updates or notifications regarding the NDA 2023 Admit Card. It is crucial to download the admit card well in advance to avoid any last-minute hassle.

UPSC NDA EXAM 2023: Result

The NDA (National Defence Academy) result is declared by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on their official website. The result announcement includes the list of candidates who have qualified for the next round of the selection process. Here is the information regarding the NDA 2023 Result:

NDA 1 Result 2023: The NDA 1 Result 2023 will be announced by UPSC on their official website. The result will be published in PDF format, which will contain the roll numbers of the qualified candidates. Candidates can download the PDF and check their roll number to know if they have cleared the written exam.

NDA 2 2022 Result: The NDA 2 2022 Result has already been declared by UPSC on their official website. The result is available in PDF format, and it contains the roll numbers of the selected candidates for the 150th course of NDA and 112 courses of INAC. Approximately 8000 candidates have qualified for the NDA exam.

How to Check NDA Result:

  1. Visit the official website of UPSC.
  2. Look for the link related to the NDA result.
  3. Click on the result link.
  4. The result will be displayed on the screen in PDF format.
  5. Download the PDF and search for your roll number in the list.
  6. If your roll number is present, you have qualified for the next round.

It is important to note that the NDA result is based on the performance of candidates in the written exam. Qualified candidates will be eligible to appear for the SSB (Services Selection Board) Interview, which is the next stage of the selection process. The final selection of candidates is based on their performance in the SSB Interview, medical examination, and other criteria specified by the authorities.



  1. How many times is the NDA exam held in a year?
    • The NDA exam is conducted twice a year.
  2. What is the NDA 2023 exam pattern?
    • The NDA 2023 exam consists of a written test with objective or MCQ-based questions from subjects like Mathematics, English, GK, and Current Affairs.
  3. How long is the NDA training?
    • The NDA training takes place for a duration of 3 years at the Indian Military Academy.
  4. What rank do you get after NDA?
    • After qualifying the NDA exam, you start as a cadet during the training period at IMA. After commission, you become a Lieutenant, and with time and promotions, you can reach higher ranks such as Captain.
  5. What is the NDA age limit?
    • The NDA exam age limit is 16.5 to 19.5 years.
  6. What is the eligibility for female candidates in NDA?
    • Female candidates have the same eligibility criteria as male candidates for NDA recruitment.
  7. What is the NDA officer salary?
    • The salary of an NDA officer varies based on the rank. It starts at INR 56,100 for the post of Lieutenant.
  8. How can I apply for the NDA exam?
    • Candidates can apply online for the NDA exam through the official UPSC website.
  9. What is the selection process for NDA 2023?
    • The selection process for NDA 2023 includes a written exam, SSB (Services Selection Board) Interview, and a medical examination.
  10. How should I prepare for the NDA exam?
    • To prepare for the NDA exam, it is important to cover the syllabus thoroughly, solve previous year’s question papers, and attempt mock tests for practice.
  11. What is the syllabus for NDA 2023?
    • The NDA 2023 syllabus includes Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT) topics such as Trigonometry, Matrices, Determinants, English, Physics, History, Geography, Current Affairs, etc.
  12. What is the eligibility for the NDA exam?
    • The eligibility criteria for the NDA exam include age limit, educational qualification (12th pass), and physical standards.
  13. What is NDA 1 and 2?
    • NDA 1 and NDA 2 refer to the two sessions of the NDA exam conducted in April and September respectively.
  14. What are the passing marks in the NDA exam?
    • The passing marks in the NDA exam are determined by the cut-off released by UPSC after the exam.
  15. When will the NDA 2023 admit card be released?
    • The admit card for NDA 2023 will be released on the UPSC website approximately 10-15 days before the exam.
  16. Can I join NDA after 10th?
    • No, you need to have passed the 12th standard (10+2) to be eligible for the NDA exam.